Rethinking Grading: Ch. 3
Chapter 3: What Grading Looks Like in the Standards-Based Classroom
The standard show us the results that we want students to achieve. We then work backwards from those results to create more specific learning targets. We synthesize or unpack the standards into learning targets, usually written as "I can" or "We can" statements.
But when we organize individual targets into lesson-sized tasks, keeps them separately, and assess them separately, students may fail to see the relevance and connection. A better method is to group targets together so that several targets may be addressed by the same activity.
Self assessment is formative assessment-it should always focus on improving the students progress toward the learning target, not I'm getting a better grade.
Learning is not so much instruction or a lesson to be taught, as an activity to be experienced.
I never heard of a student not doing *his* work; it's *our* work he's not doing.
If we want to encourage students to view mistakes as a necessary step in learning, we need to remove the threat of grading while they are learning.
Grades are not necessary for learning, but feedback is. In fact, feedback has been shown to be one of the most effective strategies to improve learning.